Brown v. Board of Education (1954), now acknowledged as one of the greatest Supreme Court decisions of the 20th century, unanimously held that the racial segregation of children in public schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
What aspect of equal protection did the Supreme Court consider when it ruled?
As to racial discrimination, although the equal protection clause clearly applied to African Americans, the Supreme Court held that it did not prohibit laws requiring segregation for whites and blacks. In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Fergusen, the Court ruled that “separate but equal” facilities were allowed.
What are the aspect of equal protection?
Overview. Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.
What did the Supreme Court rule about segregation and the 14th Amendment?
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court announced its dramatic unanimous decision: Segregation of children in America’s public schools, when authorized or required by state law, violated the U.S. Constitution, specifically the 14th Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection of the law.
What are the most important Supreme Court cases?
Landmark United States Supreme Court Cases
- Marbury v. Madison (1803) …
- McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) …
- Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) …
- Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) …
- Schenck v. United States (1919) …
- Brown v. Board of Education (1954) …
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) …
- Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
What is an example of equal protection?
They’re guarantees of equal social opportunities and protection under the law, regardless of race, religion, or other characteristics. Examples are the rights to vote, to a fair trial, to government services, and to a public education.
What are the 3 levels of scrutiny?
There are three judicial review tests: the rational basis test, the intermediate scrutiny test, and the strict scrutiny test. The intermediate scrutiny test and the strict scrutiny test are considered more stringent than the rational basis test.
What is the 14th Amendment in simple terms?
Fourteenth Amendment, amendment (1868) to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated after the American Civil War, including them under the umbrella phrase “all persons born or naturalized in the United States. …
What did the Supreme Court say about segregation?
But the courts challenged earlier civil rights legislation and handed down a series of decisions that permitted states to segregate people of color. In the pivotal case of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racially separate facilities, if equal, did not violate the Constitution.
What made separate but equal illegal?
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously ruled that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The Court said, “separate is not equal,” and segregation violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
What amendment did segregated schools violate?
Board of Education case of 1954 legally ended decades of racial segregation in America’s public schools. Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling in the landmark civil rights case. State-sanctioned segregation of public schools was a violation of the 14th Amendment and was therefore unconstitutional.