Under federal law, being a parent is not a protected trait. … So, an employer that treats parents differently based on their gender or on gender-based stereotypes might be engaged in illegal sex discrimination. And sex discrimination also includes discrimination based on pregnancy.
Is being a mother a protected class?
“Parents and carers” is NOT a protected characteristic but you may be able to use sex, maternity or even in certain cases disability discrimination if you are treated unfavourably because of your childcare responsibilities.
Is it illegal to discriminate based on family status?
Is it Illegal to Discriminate Based on Family or Parental Status? In California, it is illegal to discriminate against an employee because of their role as a caregiver for a child, parent, or person with disabilities. This is known as family responsibilities discrimination (“FRD”).
What is parental discrimination?
Unfortunately, many parents find themselves facing parental status discrimination, also known as familial status discrimination. This happens when employers discriminate against employees because of their family or child care obligations.
What is my parental status?
Parental status means being a parent, step-parent, adoptive parent, guardian, foster parent or custodian of a minor child or children.
What is familial status discrimination?
Examples of familial status discrimination include: Refusing to rent to families with children. Evicting families once a child joins the family through, e.g., birth, adoption, custody. Requiring families with children to live on specific floors or in specific buildings or areas.
What are the 4 types of discrimination?
The 4 types of Discrimination
- Direct discrimination.
- Indirect discrimination.
What is the protected period?
The protection against discrimination lasts for a specific period of time which starts when you become pregnant. This is called the protected period. If you have the right to maternity leave, the protected period ends when your maternity leave ends or when you return to work, if this is earlier.
What is status discrimination?
Marital status discrimination is when someone treats you unfairly or bullies you because of your marital status or your assumed marital status. Marital status refers to whether you are: single. married.
What are the laws that protect against discrimination?
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, as amended, protects employees and job applicants from employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.
Is disparate treatment illegal?
Federal laws prohibit job discrimination based on race, color, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, national origin, religion, age, military status, equal pay, pregnancy, disability or genetic information and prohibits both “disparate treatment” and “disparate impact” discrimination.