Although the original purpose was to protect blacks from discrimination, the broad wording has led the Supreme Court to hold that all racial discrimination (including against whites, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans) is constitutionally suspect.
Why was the equal protection clause targeted at the states?
This clause prohibits unreasonable discrimination, means that laws cannot treat people differently. … Legislation passed by Congress that guaranteed equal treatment in public accommodations and employment and banned any type of discrimination race, color, religion, or national orgin.
What is the purpose of the equal protection clause quizlet?
It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons.
Why was the due process clause added to the Constitution?
Among them was the Fourteenth Amendment, which prohibits the states from depriving “any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.” When it was adopted, the Clause was understood to mean that the government could deprive a person of rights only according to law applied by a court.
Who does the equal protection clause protect?
In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment contains the equal protection clause. This mandates that no state shall… “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This clause has proved to be central in ending and preventing government discrimination based on race and gender.
What is the equal protection clause in simple terms?
Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.
What does the U.S. Constitution say about equality?
The 14th makes everyone born in the United States a citizen, entitled to equal protection in every state. “No State shall… deny to any person the equal protection of the laws.”
What does the U.S. Constitution say about discrimination?
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What is the Equal Protection Clause What three tests are associated with discrimination in law quizlet?
The tests associated with legal discrimination are the reasonable-basis test and the strict-scrutiny test.
Where is the equal protection clause found quizlet?
A clause in the Fourteenth Amendment that provides “No State shall… deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.
Which Amendment is the Equal Protection Clause from quizlet?
Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits any state from passing a law that denies to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Challenge may arise where there is a difference in treatment based on discriminatory classification.
How is due process violated?
Due process is the legal requirement that the state must respect all legal rights that are owed to a person. … When a government harms a person without following the exact course of the law, this constitutes a due process violation, which offends the rule of law.
What is a major difference between the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments due process clauses?
The most obvious difference between the two Due Process Clauses is that the Fifth Amendment clause as it binds the Federal Government coexists with other express provisions in the Bill of Rights guaranteeing fair procedure and non-arbitrary action, such as jury trials, grand jury indictments, and nonexcessive bail and …
How does due process protect citizens?
Due process is the legal requirement that requires the state to respect all the legal rights owed to a person. Due process balances the power of the state and protects the individual person from the power of the state.