It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons.
What is the purpose of the equal protection clause?
Equal protection forces a state to govern impartially—not draw distinctions between individuals solely on differences that are irrelevant to a legitimate governmental objective. Thus, the equal protection clause is crucial to the protection of civil rights.
What is the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment quizlet?
Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits any state from passing a law that denies to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Challenge may arise where there is a difference in treatment based on discriminatory classification.
What is the equal protection clause and where is it located quizlet?
A clause in the Fourteenth Amendment that provides “No State shall… deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.
Who does the Equal Protection Clause protect?
In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment contains the equal protection clause. This mandates that no state shall… “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This clause has proved to be central in ending and preventing government discrimination based on race and gender.
What rights do the 14th Amendment Protect?
After the Civil War, Congress adopted a number of measures to protect individual rights from interference by the states. Among them was the Fourteenth Amendment, which prohibits the states from depriving “any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.”
What is the Equal Protection Clause What three tests are associated with discrimination in law quizlet?
The tests associated with legal discrimination are the reasonable-basis test and the strict-scrutiny test.
Why was the equal protection clause added to the 14th Amendment quizlet?
The 14th Amendment requires that NO STATE shall deny any person the equal protection of the laws. Equal protection analysis determines whether a state is constitutionally permitted to differentiate between persons. You just studied 13 terms!
What does the Equal Protection Clause say?
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
How does discrimination conflict with the concept of equal protection quizlet?
Because discrimination must be intentional in order to violate the Constitution, only intentional (de jure) segregation in schools violates the Equal Protection Clause. … The use of racial quotas or of race as a determinative criterion, however, violates equal protection and is unconstitutional.
How does the language of the equal protection clause show intention?
How does the language of the equal protection clause show intention to safeguard all groups civil liberties? … It states clearly, that laws must provide to all persons equal protection of the laws and no state shall deny any person within its jurisdiction, as provided in the Fourteenth Amendment.
What is meant by equal protection under the law quizlet?
Equal Protection Clause. enforces the idea that the laws of a state, or of the nation, must treat any given individual in the same way as it would treat other individuals who are in similar conditions and circumstance. You just studied 19 terms!